In a letter to UK Foreign Secretary, Dominic Raab, Baroness Cox, urges the British Government to do more for the people of Nigeria. This comes after the recent FCDO Report on Human Rights and Democracy failed to list Nigeria as a priority country, despite daily reports of terrorist violence, mass forced displacement, the rise in abductions for ransom and a general backsliding on democratic practices.
The letter was co-signed by Lord Alton of Liverpool, Dr Rowan Williams, Mervyn Thomas CMG, Founder President of CSW and Ayo Adedoyin, CEO of International Organisation for Peace & Social Justice (PSJ-UK).
You can read her letter to Mr Dominic Raab, in full below. Please note the content includes graphic descriptions which some may find upsetting. You can also view using Google Translate option which can be found when viewing on a computer. (AH)
Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP
House of Commons
26 July 2021
Dear Dominic, The recent FCDO Report on Human Rights and Democracy does not list Nigeria as a priority country, despite daily reports of terrorist violence, mass forced displacement, the rise in abductions for ransom and a general backsliding on democratic practices.
Nigerian citizens are currently at the mercy of non-state actors who have been allowed to evolve and now have the capacity to shoot down a fighter jet, as has recently occurred in Kaduna state. Given the scale and depth of suffering, we would be very grateful if you could respond to each of the following urgent concerns.
• We are encouraged by your broad commitment to reduce levels of violence in Nigeria. We also share your deep concern over the continuation of terrorist attacks against Muslims and Christians in the north-east.
• We are disappointed, however, by your characterisation of violence in the Middle Belt, which is among the country’s gravest security challenges and deserving of a robust response. We urge the UK to allocate humanitarian aid to the Middle Belt, in addition to UK aid to the north-east.
• While you commit to “continue to look at ways to address” the complex drivers of violence in the Middle Belt, it remains unclear whether this includes addressing the religious dimension – particularly as religious affiliation is instrumentalised increasingly to recruit or inspire violent acts, (1) and predominantly-Christian communities are attacked for reasons connected with their faith.(2)
• The FCDO report refers to violence by the same non-state actors in the north-east and the Middle Belt, with no mention of targeted attacks largely against Hausa Muslim communities in the north-west, Igbo communities in the south-east and Yoruba communities in the southwest.
• There are now widespread concerns that human rights violations take place with a degree of official complicity and that the Nigerian Government only occasionally investigate or prosecute those responsible for such crimes. The Government give the unfortunate impression of being as quick to pardon, rehabilitate and release ‘repentant’ terrorists as to harass and shoot protestors who make legitimate calls for justice and reform in a peaceful manner.
• The FCDO report claims that, as the #ENDSARS protests grew in number, “there were some clashes between protesters and the Nigerian security services, including the police and army.” There were no clashes between #ENDSARS protestors and security services. Rather, thugs appear to have been sent to attack the protestors, (3) while the security forces consistently used excessive force,(4) even prior to the killings at the Lekki Toll Gate.
• You will be aware of efforts within Nigeria to give #ENDSARS protest in the north a religious coloration so as to rally Muslim communities against the protests, who would otherwise have taken part. (5) Northern governors later attempted to rebrand the legitimate protests as insurrections aimed at toppling President Buhari, (6) which he himself recently stated on film. (7)(3). Other notable omissions We understand that the FCDO’s annual report can only provide a snapshot of the most grievous violations of human rights, but it is a serious concern that it does not refer to any of the following cases:
• The beheading of eleven Christian hostages by ISWAP on Christmas Day 2019.
• The execution of the chair of the Christian Association of Nigeria in Adamawa state, Reverend Lawan Andimi, by the Abubakar Shekau faction of Boko Haram on 20 January 2020.
• The profiling by ISWAP of travellers who are intercepted in the north-east, targeting Christians, people from Plateau State, members of the security services and humanitarian aid workers.
• The case of Leah Sharibu, who remains in captivity.
• The arbitrary arrest and detention of Professor Richard Solomon Musa Tarfa, co-founder of orphanages for vulnerable children in Kano and Kaduna states, and the removal of these children to a Government-run home in Kano with no access to education or to establishments of the religion or belief of their choice.
• The sentencing of a 13-year-old boy to ten years imprisonment and menial labour on blasphemy charges by a Sharia court in Kano state; and the death sentence handed to a musician who was deemed to commit blasphemy for a song he circulated via WhatsApp.
We and others have raised many of these urgent concerns with you, Nigel Adams and Catriona Laing on numerous occasions, especially since 2015. Yet we have received no assurance of a shift in UK foreign policy to reflect the urgency of the crisis, while successive FCDO reports have failed to reflect the critical decline in security that is causing seasoned observers increasingly to refer to Nigeria as a failing or failed state. (8)
We therefore urge you to re-consider how the FCDO could shine a light on the erosion of human rights and democracy in Nigeria. We urge you to list Nigeria as a priority country.
We would be very grateful for the opportunity to discuss these matters with you in more detail.
Baroness Cox, Founder and CEO, Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART)
Lord Alton of Liverpool
Dr Rowan Williams Mervyn Thomas CMG, Founder President, CSW
Ayo Adedoyin, CEO, International Organisation for Peace & Social Justice (PSJ-UK)
1 As emphasised by US Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom, Sam Brownback, on 8 December, following the US State Department’s decision to designate Nigeria as a Country of Particular Concern because of FoRB violations and escalating ‘religious-tinged violence’. 2 As emphasised in the Bishop of Truro’s review, whose recommendations the UK Government have agreed to implement in full.
3 https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/421724-endsars-how-thugs-attacked-us-at-cbn-headquartersprotesters.html; https://www.aa.com.tr/en/africa/-armed-thugs-attack-protesters-in-nigeria-s-capital/2006685; https://twitter.com/bertram_hill1/status/1318616370318368771?s=20; https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2021/countrychapters/nigeria 4 https://punchng.com/hrw-seeks-prosecution-of-police-officers-harassing-endsars-protesters/ 5 https://dailypost.ng/2020/10/20/end-sars-thugs-attack-christian-procession-in-kogi-beat-up-pastors-abduct-three/; https://mbasic.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=10222692754284231&id=1134900901&refid=17&_ft_=mf_story_ke y.10222692754284231%3Atop_level_post_id.10222692754284231%3Atl_objid.10222692754284231%3Acontent_own er_id_new.1134900901%3Athrowback_story_fbid.10222692754284231%3Aphoto_id.10222692750004124%3Astory_l ocation.4%3Astory_attachment_style.photo%3Athid.1134900901%3A306061129499414%3A2%3A0%3A1604213999 %3A6955209647237518218&__tn__=%2As-R 6 https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/422613-endsars-northern-governors-sue-for-peace-condemnviolence.html 7 https://punchng.com/endsars-protest-was-to-remove-me-from-office-buhari/
8 https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/05/27/nigeria-is-a-failed-state/; https://www.ft.com/content/9abc218d-3881-4bfd-8951- e76336cde94f; https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-with-nigeria-verging-on-failed-state-status-west-africaarrives-at-a/
Original source https://www.hart-uk.org/news/hart-urges-uk-government-to-shine-a-light-on-nigerias-humanitarian-crisis/